Kendal Index

History Index

Westmorland Villages

The Papist's of Kendale

Antiquities of Kendale

1650 List of delinquents papists and ministers sequestered in the Barony of Kendal. List prepared by John Fawcett clerk to the county committee


Sir Henry Bellingham

Gaven Brathwaite

Richard Brathwaite, Burneshead

Thomas Wilson, Heversham

William Middleton, Middleton

Leonard Ayry, Kentmere

Henry Ward, Riggmayden

Henry Wilson, Underley, dead

James Earl of Derby

Earl of Worcester

Sir George Middleton

Sir John Preston

Sir John Girlington, dead

Thomas Preston

Sir Robert Strickland, Sizergh

Miles Atkinson

Robert Crosfield, Strickland

Robert Harrison, Watchfield


Henry Hutton

George Buchanan, late of Kirkby Lonsdale

Thomas Bigg, Late of Heversham

Henry Wilson, late of Grasmere

Popish Recusants


William Thornburgh

Francis Davorishcourt



John Layburne, Witherslack

John Wilkinson, Bradleyfield

Christopher Gilpin, Whinfell

James Denyson, Whinfell

William Thornburgh, Sellside

William Newby, Whinfell

Jacob Hodgson's wife

Jane Duckett

John Beck, Hutton

Mary Duckett, widow

Ellen Stainbank, widow

Richard Harrison, Rydal

Oliver Platt, Skelsmergh

Peter Platt, Kendal

Ralph Bushell

George Atkinson

Hillary Bradley

Richard Croxton, Bethome

Thomas Helme, Whinfell

Calendar of the Committee for Compounding, pt. i, 176

Notes from depositions taken before the Committee for Sequestration of Westmorland from 1648 to 1651: --

Sir Robert Strickland as being at the rendezvous at Tarneybank.

Roger Bradley of Cunswick, in arms in Kendal, and went to Sir Henry Bellingham's rendezvous at Tarneybank, near Kendal, and seized horses for the service; he was one of the commissioners for Kendal Barony.

Anthony Preston of Holme, lieutenant, and Robert Bateson, ensign to Captain Nicholas Orbell in the late war.

Miles Troughton, William Mitchell, Robert Barrow of Kendal, in arms at Kendal.

John Stockdale of Mansergh, apprehended several prisoners and took them to his captain, saying he might get 200 composition from them.

Anthony Barrow of Lupton went armed to the rendezvous at Kirkby Moor.

Miles Langmire of Windermere, George Harrison, John Bell, Thomas Braithwaite and Thomas Salkeld in arms after Sir Marmaduke Langdale had been in Westmorland and was gone into Cumberland, and when Col. Briggs' forces besieged the island on Windermere, then shelter for the army.

Allan Bellingham was with his brother, Sir Henry, in Durham, said they would bring 3,000 or 4,000 horse and as many foot to Durham, where he lived, and being at Garthorne, invited several Scotch officers to feast. In 1646 he went with Col. Charter to Appleby.

Thomas Strickland of Bradleyfield was a volunteer to Sir. Henry Bellingham's regiment.

Robert Gilpin of Kentmere was a sergeant under Sir James Bellingham, Lieut. -Colonel to Sir Henry Bellingham, and went to Carlisle.

George Birkett, senior and Thomas Browne, both of Troutbeck, were ensigns under Sir Henry Bellingham. Robert Docker of Underbarrow was a soldier and master-at-arms in that regiment.

Thomas Wilson, Christopher Gilpin, Joseph Booth and Anthony Knipe were the King's commissioners for Kendal Barony.

John Saul of Kendal rode armed when Sir Thomas Tildesley came there in 1648, and called the Parliamentary party round heads and traitors.

Captain William Potter of Kendal, who offered to command a foot company, but lost it by the soldiers' votes.

Edward Turner of Kendal, charged with hiring men to serve under Major Glassier, but he denies the charge, except as acting under compulsion; ib., pt. i, 520.

Sir Thomas Strickland of Thornton Bridge was accused of having been at the rendezvous at Tarneybanks, 18 October, 1648; ib., pt. ii, 1130.

Gawen Braithwaite, J.P. of Ambleside, similarly charged, and with signing warrants for raising money for the King. Fine 149; ib., 1138.

Christopher Philipson of Calgarth was similarly charged with being at Tarneybanks. Fine 200; ib., 1425.

Nicholas Fisher of Stainbank Green was charged with being at Tarneybanks. Fine 289; ib., pt. iii, 1865.

The manor of Kendal, late forfeited by the earl of Worcester, and bought from the Treason Trustees, was discharged from sequestration in 1652; ib, pt. iii, 1714.

Rydal manor and fishing, Meller Brigg House and a house in Kendal parish, forfeited by William Fleming and bought from the Treason Trustees by Isaac Morgan, were discharged from sequestration on 22 November, 1654; ib., pt. v, 3286.

An augmentation of 45 (?) was obtained for Grange (? Grarige) chapel in Kendal and a godly preacher procured and settled there in 1647; ib., pt. I, 62.

The County Committee for Westmorland to the Committee for Compounding (2 Nov. 1650). There is some timber in the park of Kendal, sequestered from the Earl of Worcester . . . but it is best to fell it in the spring-time when the bark may be useful. We have kept several courts, in particular one of the Earl of Derby's in Betham manor; there will be a general fine, besides particular fines on admitting new tenants. They usually paid 9 years' rent for a fine to their lord, but 8 years' rent would be reasonable, as the landlords have been great oppressors of their tenants; ib., pt, i, 348.

Survey of the timber in Kendal Park: number of trees 198, value 102 13s., and 11 old dead wood (15 April 1651); ib., 435.

Names of persons compounding for their delinquency in Westmorland (Barony of Kendal only given here), and the amount of their fines, June 14 to Aug. 9, 1649; ib., pt. i, 203.

Sir Thomas Strickland, Sizergh 308 10 0

William Guy, Kendal 18 0 0

James, eldest son of Allan Bellingham, Garthorne 9 13 2

John Parke, Kendal 26 0 0

Anthony Knipe, Fairbank 6 0 0

Miles Halhead, Underbarrow 4 10 0

Richard Robinson, Natland 10 0 0

James Moore, Bentbank 40 0 0

John Beck, mercer, Kendal 9 10 0

Rowland Harrison, Lyth 10 0 0

Leonard Airey, Kentmere (was in both wars, and never compounded) 17 10 0

Joseph Edmondson, Kirkby Kendal 18 4 0

Rowland Dawson, Kendal 70 0 0

1650 December 28, 1650. Offers made for the following estates of delinquents and Papists for one year's tenancy from 2 February next and for six years thereafter:

George Archer of Kendal for Sir Henry Bellingham's estate, 900

Anthony Preston of Kendal, for William Guy's estate at Watercrooke 20 5s.

Timothy Clarke, for Anthony Knipe's estate at Fairbank and New Hutton 14 1s.

George Taylor of Kendal, for Rowland Harrison's estate of Lyth 12 10s. 6d

George Taylor, for Richard Braithwaite's estate of Burneshead, Newhall &c. 241 9s.

George Archer, for Dockrey Hall and Readman tenement, part of the latter estate 40 2s. 6d;

Ib., pt., I, 386

1650 List of Delinquents and Papists whose estates are under sequestration:

John Park, Kendal

Anthony Garnet, Kendal

Thomas Waller, Ewbank

Christopher Gilpin, Kentmere

Agnes Garnet, widow, Papist, Skelsmergh

Anne Washington, widow, Papist, Grayrigg

Thomas Thwaites, Papist, Whitwell

John Phillipson, Hollinghall

John Smith, Whitwell

Charles Saul, Saulwood

William Fleming, Papist Delinquent, Rydal

John Wilkinson, Papist, Gill

Mary Hilton, Papist, Burton

Thomas Thornburgh, Papist, Methop

Bridget Nicholson, widow, Papist, Patton; ib, pt. i, 547.

John Parke of Kendal in 1653 compounded for his estate by fine at one third the value, 157 6s; ib., pt. iv, 3000.

Anthony Garnet of Kendal in 1653 begs to compound for his estate at one third; before 1642 he granted a jointure to his wife Susan after his death and conveyed lands in trust for his sons, Bryan and Thomas; ib., 3090.

Oliver Plat and Peter his son, both of Kendal, recusants, petitioned in 1654 to contract for their estates; ib., 3192.

John Saul of Kendal complains in 1654 that the County Commissioners have sequestered two-thirds of a small tenement in Stainton, in pretence that he was a recusant, though never convicted, because he married a recusant. Has taken the oath of Abjuration, has many small children; the two thirds only lets for 5 6s. 8d. a year. In 1658 he was discharged, having taken the oath and produced a certificate of his attendance at church; ib., 3224.

July 6, 1654. Discharge from sequestration of houses &c. in Kirkby Kendal and Burton forfeited by John Wilkinson of Bardsey, and bought from the Treason Trustees by Thomas Wharton; ib., 3206.

Robert Crossfield of Strickland Roger submitted 6 October 1644, petitions to compound. In August 1652 he being dead, his son, Thomas Crossfield, minister of Spennithorne, co. York; begs to pay the fine of 72 and have the estate discharged. Discharged 6 Sept., 1652; ib., 1658.

Allan Wilson of Hund How, Strickland Roger, in 1653 begs to compound. Fine of 15 at one-third value of the estate, paid 15 December; ib., 3158.

Sir Henry Bellingham of Helsington and Levens, bart., in 1646 compounds for delinquency. Being a member of the house of Commons he went to Oxford and sat in the Assembly. His fine was fixed 23 Feb., 1647, at 3 228, being one third value of his estates; to be abated if he prove that he has only a life-interest in 300 a year. There is a long account of the compositions made by Sir James Bellingham, Allan Bellingham, 1,172; Lady Katherine Bellingham, widow of Sir James, 721; Agnes Wentworth, daughter of Sir Henry, 175; John and Elizabeth Lowther; ib., 1136-38.

Thomas Wilson of Heversham Hall, or Underley, was sequestered for accepting a commission as captain of the trained bands in Westmorland, under Sir Philip Musgrave, when under the enemy's power from July, 1643 to February, 1645. In 1646 he paid a fine of 229; ib., 1123.

Henry Wilson of Underley went into a garrison of the enemy's where he remained 6 days. It was besieged before he could come out. In 1646 he paid a fine of 200 at one-tenth of his estate. He owned the tithes of Farleton; ib., 1221.

John Philipson of Hollinghow and Calgarth in 1650 compounded at one-third, namely 134 for Hollinghow. Lands there were forfeited by him and bought from the Treason Trustees by Thomas Latimer of London; ib., 2678.

Anthony Duckett of Grayrigg and James his son in 1649 compounded for one-sixth, namely 488; ib., 1907.

Randall Washington of Grayrigg obtained in 1652 the discharge from sequestration of a tenement in Grayrigg, provided that two-thirds of it was sequestered only for his mother's recusancy, she being dead; ib., 2980.

On the sale of estates forfeited by the earl of Derby, Betham Hall was purchased in 1646 by William Claxton, Betham manor by Capt. Blunt Sadler and Witherslack manor by Christopher Crosfield, Arneshead Tower, lands and mills by James Wainwright; ib., 1116.

Lands in Killington were sequestered because Lucy Kitson and Thomas Kitson her husband (dead since 1651), were recusants. She is now the wife of Robert Westby and in 1651 granted the use of a farm in Killington, rent 10, to Nicholas Roger, Charles and William, infant children of John Leyburn, of Witherslack; ib., 3211, 3292.

Edward Hutton of Old Hutton in 1649 compounded for his delinquency at one-sixth, namely 36; ib., 2018.

The lands of John Leyburne in Skelsmergh and Esthwaite wee in the hands of the County Committee on 5 June 1652, unlet; ib., 585.

Lands and homes in Whinfell and Patton were conveyed to George Rogers and Robert Stirling by John son and heir of Thomas Ayrey, to sell for payment of debts; two-thirds of the property was sequestered for the recusancy of Thomas Ayrey, who is dead; 1655. Ib., 3233.

Lands in Whitwell and Selside were purchased by William Thwaites of Long Marston, co. York, from John, heir to Thomas Thwaites, who died in 1650, his estate being sequestered for recusancy; 1654. Ib., 2995.

Richard Brathwaite of Burneshead and of Catterick, co. York, compounded in 1650 for his delinquency by a fine of 1,151, assessed at one-sixth of the value of his estates; ib., 1888.

Walter Strickland of Rydal compounded in 1650 for his delinquency by a fine of 366, besides a further fine in respect of lands purchased from George Preston of Nateby; ib., 1889.

Christopher Philipson of Calgarth and Katherine Gilpin, widow of George Gilpin of Kentmere Hall, petition in 1651 for allowance of their claim to 40 a year issuing out of Kentmere Hall, settled in consideration of a marriage and 400 paid with Katherine by George Gilpin on Philipson and his heirs, in trust for Katherine. The sequestration of the estate was for the delinquency of Christopher Gilpin, to whom the premises have descended by his brother, George Gilpin's death. This was allowed on 22 July 1652; ib., 2882.

1650 Gervase Benson, Roger Bateman and John Archer; County Commissioners for Westmorland, write the Committee for Compounding on 14 October, 1650, showing that the arrears of the profits of sequestrations and the fines and compositions set on new delinquents were insufficient to discharge the engagements in paying the forces raised in that county in the late war and other public engagements. They had to borrow money towards 4,000 ordered to be paid to the Lancashire forces, to ease this county of the burden of free quarter. They ask for directions touching the estate at Rydal, sequestered from Wm. Fleming, for which 2,000 was offered for one year, though at the utmost value it was never reported worth more than 120; but it being in contest, this was done to gain possession. The estate lies waste, so that the profits thereof this year will scarce amount to 50. An estate in Kentmere, sequestered from Christopher Gilpin, has also been much impaired for want of direction. We being also Militia Commissioners have not been able to sit until last Thursday, but having put the forces in a posture, and they being now upon their march, we shall fall close to this business and sit at Kendal on Wednesday week, and thence weekly until we have got the business thoroughly in hand; ib., 332.

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